Making Rugs By Hand

 

Our Dyes and Fibers

Our Process: Making Rugs By Hand

Organic Weave uses 100% natural dyes and mordants, which are certified organic by the Global Organic Textile Standard. These dyes are a healthy alternative to chemically-produced dyes used in conventional rugs.

Organic Weave’s natural organic dyes give a beautiful patina effect and become sun-bleached over time. Our plant-based dyes vary from one batch to another, so there can be some some variance between the target color and the actual color.

Our Process: Making Rugs By Hand

These minor variations are what give each of our rugs its unique character, which we consider one of the strongest attractions of an Organic Weave rug.

Organic Weave offers rugs crafted in Organic Wool, Cotton and Silk.

 

 

 

Handknotted Rugs

Handknotting rugs is an ancient art. Depending on the technique and size of the rug, a handknotted rug may take weeks, months, or even years to complete.

To begin making a rug, our master weavers make a foundation – called “the warp” – which consists of thick threads of cotton, wool, or silk which run through the length of the rug. Similar threads, which pass under and over the warp threads in the opposite direction, are called wefts.

Weaving usually begins from the bottom of the loom. Dyed wool, cotton, or silk is knotted in rows around the warp strands. As more knots are added to this foundation, they become the pile of the rug. Depending upon the fineness of the weave, the quality of the materials, and the expertise of the weavers, the knot count of a homemade rug can range from sixteen to eight-hundred per square inch.

When a rug is completely knotted, the warp ends remain as the fringe. This fringe may be braided, tasseled, or secured in other ways.

Our Process: Making Rugs By Hand

Tibetan Knotting

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Our Process: Making Rugs By Hand

 Persian Knotting

 

 

 

 

 

 

Handtufted Rugs

Our handtufted rugs are made by punching strands of wool or cotton into a canvas which is stretched on a frame. Master weavers “tuft” using a hand-operated “tufting-gun.”

Our Process: Making Rugs By Hand

 

Once the weaver has tufted the pattern onto the canvas, another fabric (the secondary backing) is applied with FCS certified natural glue derived from the rubber tree. The final step is to shear the rug so that the pile is even.

 

 FSC-certified glue -latex is the best eco-friendly choice for handtufted rugs: it is biodegradeable, non-toxic and does not off gas.

 

 

Flatweave Rugs

Our Process: Making Rugs By Hand

 

Flatweave rugs are made by hand without a “pile.” Some common names for flatweave include kelim, dhurrie, and tapestry.

Flatweave rugs are woven on a horizontal or a vertical loom by threading cotton, wool, or silk through the warp. They may either have a fringe or a folded edge.

 

 

 

Wall to Wall Carpeting

Our wall to wall carpeting is handtufted in 100% organic wool. The surface wool pile is locked in place with a secondary backing of certified organic cotton.  

The process begins with punching strands of wool into a canvas which is stretched on a frame. Master weavers “tuft” using a hand-operated “tufting-gun".  Once the weaver has tufted the pattern onto the canvas, another fabric called secondary backing is applied with natural rubber glue (latex). The final step is to shear the rug so that the pile is even.

Once the weaver has tufted the pattern onto the canvas, a fabric is applied with FCS certified natural glue derived from the rubber tree. The final step is to shear the rug so that the pile is even.

 

 

FSC-certified glue -latex is the best eco-friendly choice for handtufted rugs: it is biodegradeable, non-toxic and does not off gas.